The Use of Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) …
Measurement of Photosynthesis Using PAM Technology in a Purple Sulfur Bacterium Thermochromatium tepidum (Chromatiaceae)
Pulse Amplitude Modulated (PAM) Fluorometry - …
The DUAL-PAM-100 system provides a second signal channel for measuring other photosynthesis parameters (like P700, P515 or NADPH) in parallel with chlorophyll fluorescence.
All these instruments employ the “Pulse-Amplitude-Modulation” (PAM) measuring principle, which is unique in providing a highly selective measure of the relative chlorophyll fluorescence quantum yield. In conjunction with the “Saturation Pulse Method”, PAM fluorometers allow rapid assessment of photosynthetic energy conversion, wherever this takes place, in the field, greenhouse or laboratory.
PAM fluorometers are designed specifically to measure ..
Photosynthesis data were determined through use of a Walz Junior-PAM (Pulse Amplitude Modulated) fluorometer (Walz GmbH, Effeltrich, Germany). Walz's WinControl-3 software was programmed to measure the Yield of Photosystem II, and energy dissipation routes including NPQ (non-photosynthetic quenching by the xanthophyll cycle) and NO (quenching by other routes).
Plant stress measurement - Wikipedia
Photosynthesis and Pam | Photosynthesis | Fluorescence
Chlorophyll fluorescence - Wikipedia
Walz - Germany
PSII yield as a measure of photosynthesis ..
PHOTOSYNTHESIS and PAM
Photosynthesis in Pineapple (Ananas comosus …
Portable Photosynthesis System for Accurate Leaf-Level Measurements.
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